Balsam fir, a popular Christmas tree, is known for its fresh fragrance and long-lasting needles. The trees’ buds are small, waxy, and egg-shaped. Balsam fir bark is gray to dull green, with blisters right under the surface that are filled with sticky resin. When broken, these blisters spray the fragrant resin on whatever/whoever ruptured them. The needles on a balsam fir are flat, and when examined closely, appear to be attached to the smooth twig by a suction cup. These needles are ¾ - 1” long and have a both a whitish-gray side and a deep green side. When in full sunlight, the needles are evenly distributed around the entirety of the twig. When in shade, though, the needles will bend around the twig splay out flat with the gray side down in an effort to get as much sunlight as possible. Balsam fir cones are 2-4” long, sit upright on the branch, and break apart as they age to spread seed.